Williams, B., McMahon, K., Barnes, S.*, Parks, D.*, Kim, E.*, Srebotnjak, T., and Etnoyer, P. Impact of skeletal heterogeneity and treatment method on interpretation of environmental variability from the skeletons of deep-sea gorgonian corals. In press in Chemical Geology. Available online:

McMahon, K.**, Williams, B., Guilderson, T.P., Glynn, D., and McCarthy, M. (2018) Calibrating amino acid δ13C and δ15N offsets between polyp and protein skeleton to develop proteinaceous deep-sea corals as paleoceanographic archives. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 220: 261-275, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2017.09.048.

Chan, P., Halfar, J., Hetzinger, S., Adey, W., Zack, T., Moore, G.W.K., Wortmann, U.G., Williams, B., and Hou, A. (2017) Multicentennial Record of Labrador Sea Primary Productivity and Sea-Ice Variability Archived in Coralline Algal Ba/Ca. Nature Communications. 15543, doi:10.1038/ncomms15543.

Williams, B., Halfar, J., DeLong, K.L., Smith, E.*, Steneck, R., Lebednik, P., Jacob, D.E., Fietzke, J., Moore, G.W.K. (2017) 20th century North Pacific decadal-scale variability is unique for the past 342 years. Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 3761–3769, doi:10.1002/2017GL073138.

Dassié, E.P., DeLong, K.L., Kilbourne, K.H., Williams, B., et al. (2017) Save our Marine Annually-Resolved Proxy Archives (MARPA)! EOS: 98, doi: 10.1029/2017EO068159.

Williams, B., Thibodeau, B., Chikaraishi, Y., Ohkouchi, N., Walnum, A.*, Grottoli, A., and Colin, P. Investigating variations in primary productivity in the Tropical Pacific Ocean due to multi-decadal nitricline depth fluctuation. (2016) Limnology and Oceanography. 62: 399-407, doi: 10.1002/lno.10364.

Ng, J.*, Williams, B., Thompson, D., and Halfar, J. Developing a forward model of encrusting coralline algae. (2016) Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 194:279-290.

Prouty, N.G., Roark, E.B., Andrews, A., Robinson, L., Hill, T., Sherwood, O., Williams, B., Guilderson, T., Fallon, S. (2017) Age, Growth Rates, and Paleoclimate Studies of Deep Sea Corals. In: Hourigan TF, Etnoyer PJ, Cairns SD, Tsao C-F (eds) The State of Deep-Sea Coral and Sponge Ecosystems of the United States. NOAA Technical Memorandum X. NOAA, Silver Spring, p 10-1 – 10-21. (available online in 2105)

Bougeois, L.*, Williams, B., Halfar, J., Konar, B., Adey, W., Kronz, A., and Wortmann, U. (2015) Does the coralline alga Leptophytum fecundum (Kjellman) capture paleoenvironmental variability in the Arctic Ocean? Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 47(20):167-179, doi: 10.1657/AAAR0014-061.

Carilli, J., Williams, B., Schöne, B. R., Krause, R. A., & Fallon, S. J. (2015). Historical Contaminant Records from Sclerochronological Archives. In Environmental Contaminants. Springer Netherlands. pg. 355-391, doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-9541-8_13.

Williams, B., Halfar, J., DeLong, K., Hetzinger, S., Steneck, R.S., and Jacob, J.E. (2014) Multi-specimen and multi-site calibration of Aleutian coralline algae Mg/Ca to climate signals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 139:190-20, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.04.006.

Wang, X., Prokopenko, M., Sigman, D., Adkins, J.F., Robinson, L.F., Ren, H., Oleynik, S., Williams, B., and Haug, G. (2014) Isotopic composition of carbonate-bound organic nitrogen in deep-sea scleractinian corals: a new window into past biogeochemical change. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 400:243-250, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.05.048.

Adey, W., Halfar, J., and Williams, B. (2013) Biological, physiological and ecological factors controlling clathrostrome formation and producing a precision Arctic/Subarctic marine climate archive: the calcified coralline genus Clathromorphum Foslie. Smithsonian Institution Contributions to the Marine Sciences. 40:1-40.

Hönisch, B., Ridgwell, A., Schmidt, D.N., Thomas, E., Gibbs, S.J., Sluijs, A., Zeebe, R., Kump, L., Martindale, R., Greene, S., Kiessling, W., Ries, J., Zachos, J., Royer, D., Barker, S., Marchitto Jr, T.M., Moyer, R., Pelejero, C, Ziveri, P., Foster, G.L., and Williams, B. (2012) The geological record of ocean acidification. Science 335: 1058 – 1063, doi: 10.1126/science.1208277.

Sinclair, D.J., Williams, B., Allard, G., Ghaleb, B., Ross, S.W., and Risk, M.J. (2011) Reproducibility of trace element profiles in a specimen of the deep-water Bamboo Coral Keratoisis sp. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75(18): 5101 – 5121, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2011.05.012.

Williams, B., and Grottoli, A.G. (2011) Solution and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) measurements of Br, I, Pb, Mn, Cd, Zn, and B in the organic skeleton of soft corals and black corals. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 12, Q03011, doi:10.1029/2010GC003375.

Halfar, J., Williams, B., Hetzinger, S., Steneck, B., Lebednik, P.,Winsborough, C., Omar, G., and Chan, P. (2011) 225 years of Bering Sea climate and ecosystem dynamics archived by coralline algae. Geology 39: 579 – 582, doi: 10.1130/G31996.1.

Chan, P., Halfar, J., Williams, B., Hetzinger, S., Steneck, R., Zack, T., and Jacob, D. (2011), Freshening of the Alaska Coastal Current recorded by coralline algal Ba/Ca ratios. Journal of Geophysical Research 116(G1): G01032, doi:10.1029/2010JG001548.

Williams, B., Halfar, J., Steneck, R. S., Wortmann, U. G., Hetzinger, S., Adey, W., Lebednik, P., and Joachimski, M. (2011) Twentieth century δ13C variability in surface water dissolved inorganic carbon recorded by coralline algae in the northern North Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea. Biogeosciences 8: 165-174, doi: 10.5194/bg-8-165-2011.

Halfar, J., Hetzinger, S., Adey, W., Zack, T., Gamboa, G., Kunz, B., Williams, B., and Jacob, D. (2011) Coralline red algal growth increment widths archive North Atlantic climate variability. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 320: 71 – 80, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.04.009.

Williams, B., and Grottoli, A.G. (2010) Recent shoaling of the nutricline and thermocline in the western tropical Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters 37: L22601, doi:10.1029/2010GL044867.

Williams, B., and Grottoli, A.G. (2010) Variability in δ15N and δ13C values of alcyonacean and antipatharian corals from the western equatorial Pacific. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(18): 5280 – 5288, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.026.

Williams, B., Risk, M.J., Ross, S.W., and Sulak, K.J. (2007) Stable isotope records from deep-water antipatharians: 400-year records from the south-eastern coast of the United States of America. Bulletin of Marine Science 81(3):437 – 447.

Williams, B., Risk, M.J., Stone, R., Sinclair, D.J. and Ghaleb, B. (2007) Oceanographic changes in the Gulf of Alaska over the past century recorded in deep-water gorgonian corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series 335: 85 – 94, doi: doi:10.3354/meps335085.

Sinclair, D.J., Williams, B., and Risk, M. (2006) Trace element “Vital Effects” – a ubiquitous feature of Scleractinian coral skeletons. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L17707, doi:10-102932006GL027183.

Williams, B., Risk, M.J., Ross, S.W., and Sulak, K.J. (2006) Deep-water Antipatharians: proxies of environmental change? Geology 34(9): 773 – 776, doi: 10.1130/G22685.1.

Risk, M.J., Hall-Spencer, J., and Williams, B. (2005) Climate records from the Faroe-Shetland Trough using Lophelia pertusa (Linneaus, 1758). In: Freiwald, A., Robert, M. (eds) Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems, Erlangen, p 1097 – 1108, doi: 10.1007/3-540-27673-4_55.