Doherty, J.M. Williams, B., Kline, E.*, Adey, W., and Thibodeau, B. Climate-modulated nutrient conditions along the Labrador Shelf: Evidence from nitrogen isotopes in a six-hundred-year-old crustose coralline alga. Accepted in Paleoceanography.

Williams, B., Chan, P.T.W., Westfield, I., Rasher, D.B., and Ries, J. (2021) Species-specific responses of the high-latitude calcifying coralline algae to future seawater temperatures and pCO2 concentrations. Geophysical Research Letters. 48, e2020GL091499, doi: 10.1029/2020GL091499.

Williams, B., Chan, P., Halfar, J., Hargan, K.†, and Adey, W. (2021) Arctic crustose coralline alga resilient to recent environmental change. Limnology and Oceanography, 66: S246-S258, doi: 10.1002/lno.11640.


Choy, E.*, Watanabe, K. *, Williams, B., Knaak, M. *, Stone, B., Lorenson, T., Druffel, E., and Etnoyer, P. Relationships among ages, growth rates, banding periodicities, and gross morphology in deep-sea Primnoidae corals. PLOS ONE. 15(12): e0241692. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0241692.

Williams, B. Proxy records derived from Proteinaceous corals: a review. Earth Science Reviews. 103326, doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103326.

Fu, F.†, Purvis-Roberts, K.L., and Williams, B. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on air pollution in 20 major cities around the world. Atmosphere. 11(11): 1189, doi: 10.3390/atmos11111189.

Stewart, J., Robinson, L.F., Day, R.D., Strawson, I., Samperiza, A., Bratt, R., Burke, A., Rae, J.W.B., Pryer, H., Etnoyer, P.J., Wickes, L.N., Williams, B., Paytan, A., Leng, M., and Häussermann, V. 2020. Mineralogical controls on trace metal deep-water temperature proxies in scleractinian and stylasterid corals and calcified algae. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 545 (1): 116412.

Hong, A.*, Hargan, K.†, Williams, B., Nuangsaeng, B., Siriwong, S., Tassawad, P., Chaiharn, C., and Los Huertos, M. 2020. Examining molluscs as bioindicators of shrimp aquaculture effluent in mangroves. Ecological Indicators. 115: 106365.

Hargan, K.†, Williams, B., Nuangsaeng, B., Siriwong, S., Tassawad, P., Chaiharn, C., McAdoo, B., and Los Huertos, M. 2020. Tracking the fate of shrimp farm effluent in a Thailand bay using stable carbon isotopes. Journal of Applied Ecology. 57: 754-765, doi:10.1111/1365‐2664.13579.


Anagnostou, E.†, Williams, B., Foster, G.L., Westfield, I., and Ries, J.B. (2019) Calibration of the pH-δ11B and temperature-Mg/Li proxies in the long-lived high-latitude crustose coralline red alga Clathromorphum compactum via multifactorial controlled laboratory experiments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 254:142-155, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2019.03.015.

Hou, A.*, Halfar, J., Adey, A., Wortmann, U.J., Zajacz, Z., Tsay, A., Williams, B., and Chan, P., (2019) Long-lived coralline alga records multidecadal variability in Labrador Sea carbon isotopes. Chemical Geology 526:93-100, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.02.026.

Williams, B., McMahon, K.†, Barnes, S.*, Parks, D.*, Kim, E.*, Srebotnjak, T., and Etnoyer, P. (2019) Impact of skeletal heterogeneity and treatment method on interpretation of environmental variability from the skeletons of deep-sea gorgonian corals. Chemical Geology. 526:101-109, doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.12.019.


Light, T.*, Williams, B., Halfar, J., Hou, A.*, Zajacz, Z., Tsay, A., and Adey, W. 2018. Advancing Mg/Ca analysis of coralline algae as a climate proxy by assessing LA-ICP-OES sampling, coeval skeletal variability, and coupled Mg/Ca-δ18O analysis. Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems. 19: 2876-2894, doi: 10.1029/2018GC007504.

McMahon, K.**, Williams, B., Guilderson, T.P., Glynn, D., and McCarthy, M. (2018) Calibrating amino acid δ13C and δ15N offsets between polyp and protein skeleton to develop proteinaceous deep-sea corals as paleoceanographic archives. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 220: 261-275, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2017.09.048.


Chan, P., Halfar, J., Hetzinger, S., Adey, W., Zack, T., Moore, G.W.K., Wortmann, U.G., Williams, B., and Hou, A. (2017) Multicentennial Record of Labrador Sea Primary Productivity and Sea-Ice Variability Archived in Coralline Algal Ba/Ca. Nature Communications. 15543, doi:10.1038/ncomms15543.

Williams, B., Halfar, J., DeLong, K.L., Smith, E.*, Steneck, R., Lebednik, P., Jacob, D.E., Fietzke, J., Moore, G.W.K. (2017) 20th century North Pacific decadal-scale variability is unique for the past 342 years. Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 3761–3769, doi:10.1002/2017GL073138.

Dassié, E.P., DeLong, K.L., Kilbourne, K.H., Williams, B., et al. (2017) Save our Marine Annually-Resolved Proxy Archives (MARPA)! EOS: 98, doi: 10.1029/2017EO068159.


Williams, B., Thibodeau, B., Chikaraishi, Y., Ohkouchi, N., Walnum, A.*, Grottoli, A., and Colin, P. Investigating variations in primary productivity in the Tropical Pacific Ocean due to multi-decadal nitricline depth fluctuation. (2016) Limnology and Oceanography. 62: 399-407, doi: 10.1002/lno.10364.

Ng, J.*, Williams, B., Thompson, D., and Halfar, J. Developing a forward model of encrusting coralline algae. (2016) Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 194:279-290.


Prouty, N.G., Roark, E.B., Andrews, A., Robinson, L., Hill, T., Sherwood, O., Williams, B., Guilderson, T., Fallon, S. (2017) Age, Growth Rates, and Paleoclimate Studies of Deep Sea Corals. In: Hourigan TF, Etnoyer PJ, Cairns SD, Tsao C-F (eds) The State of Deep-Sea Coral and Sponge Ecosystems of the United States. NOAA Technical Memorandum X. NOAA, Silver Spring, p 10-1 – 10-21. (available online in 2015)

Bougeois, L.*, Williams, B., Halfar, J., Konar, B., Adey, W., Kronz, A., and Wortmann, U. (2015) Does the coralline alga Leptophytum fecundum (Kjellman) capture paleoenvironmental variability in the Arctic Ocean? Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 47(20):167-179, doi: 10.1657/AAAR0014-061.

Carilli, J., Williams, B., Schöne, B. R., Krause, R. A., & Fallon, S. J. (2015). Historical Contaminant Records from Sclerochronological Archives. In Environmental Contaminants. Springer Netherlands. pg. 355-391, doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-9541-8_13.


Williams, B., Halfar, J., DeLong, K., Hetzinger, S., Steneck, R.S., and Jacob, J.E. (2014) Multi-specimen and multi-site calibration of Aleutian coralline algae Mg/Ca to climate signals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 139:190-20, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.04.006.

Wang, X., Prokopenko, M., Sigman, D., Adkins, J.F., Robinson, L.F., Ren, H., Oleynik, S., Williams, B., and Haug, G. (2014) Isotopic composition of carbonate-bound organic nitrogen in deep-sea scleractinian corals: a new window into past biogeochemical change. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 400:243-250, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.05.048.


Adey, W., Halfar, J., and Williams, B. (2013) Biological, physiological and ecological factors controlling clathrostrome formation and producing a precision Arctic/Subarctic marine climate archive: the calcified coralline genus Clathromorphum Foslie. Smithsonian Institution Contributions to the Marine Sciences. 40:1-40.


Hönisch, B., Ridgwell, A., Schmidt, D.N., Thomas, E., Gibbs, S.J., Sluijs, A., Zeebe, R., Kump, L., Martindale, R., Greene, S., Kiessling, W., Ries, J., Zachos, J., Royer, D., Barker, S., Marchitto Jr, T.M., Moyer, R., Pelejero, C, Ziveri, P., Foster, G.L., and Williams, B. (2012) The geological record of ocean acidification. Science 335: 1058 – 1063, doi: 10.1126/science.1208277.


Sinclair, D.J., Williams, B., Allard, G., Ghaleb, B., Ross, S.W., and Risk, M.J. (2011) Reproducibility of trace element profiles in a specimen of the deep-water Bamboo Coral Keratoisis sp. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75(18): 5101 – 5121, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2011.05.012.

Williams, B., and Grottoli, A.G. (2011) Solution and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) measurements of Br, I, Pb, Mn, Cd, Zn, and B in the organic skeleton of soft corals and black corals. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 12, Q03011, doi:10.1029/2010GC003375.

Halfar, J., Williams, B., Hetzinger, S., Steneck, B., Lebednik, P.,Winsborough, C., Omar, G., and Chan, P. (2011) 225 years of Bering Sea climate and ecosystem dynamics archived by coralline algae. Geology 39: 579 – 582, doi: 10.1130/G31996.1.

Chan, P., Halfar, J., Williams, B., Hetzinger, S., Steneck, R., Zack, T., and Jacob, D. (2011), Freshening of the Alaska Coastal Current recorded by coralline algal Ba/Ca ratios. Journal of Geophysical Research 116(G1): G01032, doi:10.1029/2010JG001548.

Williams, B., Halfar, J., Steneck, R. S., Wortmann, U. G., Hetzinger, S., Adey, W., Lebednik, P., and Joachimski, M. (2011) Twentieth century δ13C variability in surface water dissolved inorganic carbon recorded by coralline algae in the northern North Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea. Biogeosciences 8: 165-174, doi: 10.5194/bg-8-165-2011.

Halfar, J., Hetzinger, S., Adey, W., Zack, T., Gamboa, G., Kunz, B., Williams, B., and Jacob, D. (2011) Coralline red algal growth increment widths archive North Atlantic climate variability. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 320: 71 – 80, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.04.009.


Williams, B., and Grottoli, A.G. (2010) Recent shoaling of the nutricline and thermocline in the western tropical Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters 37: L22601, doi:10.1029/2010GL044867.

Williams, B., and Grottoli, A.G. (2010) Variability in δ15N and δ13C values of alcyonacean and antipatharian corals from the western equatorial Pacific. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(18): 5280 – 5288, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.026.


Williams, B., Risk, M.J., Ross, S.W., and Sulak, K.J. (2007) Stable isotope records from deep-water antipatharians: 400-year records from the south-eastern coast of the United States of America. Bulletin of Marine Science 81(3):437 – 447.

Williams, B., Risk, M.J., Stone, R., Sinclair, D.J. and Ghaleb, B. (2007) Oceanographic changes in the Gulf of Alaska over the past century recorded in deep-water gorgonian corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series 335: 85 – 94, doi: doi:10.3354/meps335085.


Sinclair, D.J., Williams, B., and Risk, M. (2006) Trace element “Vital Effects” – a ubiquitous feature of Scleractinian coral skeletons. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L17707, doi:10-102932006GL027183.

Williams, B., Risk, M.J., Ross, S.W., and Sulak, K.J. (2006) Deep-water Antipatharians: proxies of environmental change? Geology 34(9): 773 – 776, doi: 10.1130/G22685.1.


Risk, M.J., Hall-Spencer, J., and Williams, B. (2005) Climate records from the Faroe-Shetland Trough using Lophelia pertusa (Linneaus, 1758). In: Freiwald, A., Robert, M. (eds) Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems, Erlangen, p 1097 – 1108, doi: 10.1007/3-540-27673-4_55.